Stonehenge represents many things to many people. Some see it as
a place of pilgrimage for the sick, others see it as a privileged place that affords communication with heaven and the underworld, while a few deem it a launching pad for intergalactic travel. Whatever the case, there are many misconceptions surrounding the purpose of building such a spectacular monument so very long ago.
Located in Wiltshire, England, the biggest misconceptions about Stonehenge is not what you might think. The term “henge” has nothing to do with the stone structures. It refers to a circular earthwork where the bank has an internal ditch. Throughout Southern England, there are at least a dozens other henges that have standing stones and others that do not have stones. Stonehenge is actually not a proper henge. Technically, the proper placement of bank and ditch is reversed at Stonehenge.
Stonehenge was built by pre-Celtic peoples, which contradicts a theory that the Druids constructed it, but due to radio carbon dating of soil and bone tools found in the area, it shows they had nothing to do with creating the monument. Today, we are able to see the mistakes made during the original construction some 4000-5000 years ago. Mortice and tenon joint elements show up on the wrong parts of some extant standing and/or lintel stones.
If you plan to visit, there are several options that are available.
The best and simplest way for travelers to visit Stonehenge is by bus tour from Salisbury. For more information, go to www.thestonehengetour.info
The cheapest way to visit is to drive to is to use the A303 highway. Once you past Stonehenge heading west on your right, park up on the dirt road just after you go past. From here you can walk just as close as people on paid tours which can save you money.
How much money? To properly see Stonehenge and it assortment of grazing sheep, it will cost you around 20 pounds or 25 US dollars per person. There is a fine museum that outlines the history and construction of the monument and a bus that will take you to the monument site which will save you a 20 minute walk. You can stay as long as you like. There is a web site to buy the tickets in advance which is recommended. The website is https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/places/stonehenge